The World Health Organization has expanded the list of ‘NCD best buys’. The updated list was approved at the 76thth World Health Assembly, a move that will support governments to select life-saving interventions and policies for the world’s biggest killers, non-communicable diseases. This gives countries of every income a level of support to improve the health of their citizens.
Interventions offered include taxes and bans on advertising for tobacco and alcohol, reformulation of policies for healthier food and drinks and the promotion and support of optimal breastfeeding practices.
The new list also includes secondary prevention for rheumatic fever, acute and long-term management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as several cancer control interventions related to cervical, breast, colorectal, liver and childhood cancer, and the comprehensive treatment of cancer for those living with HIV.
The updated best buys come with a whole menu of policy options and cost-effective interventions that will help governments prioritize investments according to their specific country context. Investing in evidence-based policies is an investment in a healthy future.
Dr Bente Mikkelsen. Director NCD Department, World Health Organization
The latest revision was updated to reflect WHO’s recommendations and guidance and the latest scientific evidence on impact. The report is part of the NCDs Global Action Plan 2023-2030 and is an update from 2017 and is core to the Implementation Roadmap on NCDs. Each revision is based on new WHO normative and standard-setting products, new evidence and data to expand and update the interventions.
The updated list continues to support that NCD prevention and control is a remarkable bargain that can save millions of lives and add millions of healthy life-years.
These interventions can help support countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal of reducing by one third, premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and the promotion of mental health and well-being worldwide by 2030.
They also provide an opportunity to accelerate national action to prevent and control NCDs to reduce suffering and prevent deaths and pave the way for political commitment at the fourth High-level Meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of NCDs in 2025.
The World Health Assembly resolution mandates that the intervention list be continuously updated, when data is available.
Notes to the editors:
List of Expanded NCD Best Buys
- Increase excise taxes and prices on tobacco products
- Implement large graphic health warnings on all tobacco packages, accompanied by plain/standardized packaging
- Enact and enforce comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship
- Eliminate exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke in all indoor workplaces, public places, public transport
- Implement effective mass media campaigns that educate the public about the harms of smoking/tobacco use and secondhand smoke, and encourage behavior change
- Provision of cost-covered effective population-wide support (including brief advice, national toll-free quit line services and mCessation) for tobacco cessation to all tobacco users
- Increase excise taxes on alcoholic beverages
- Enact and enforce bans or comprehensive restrictions on exposure to alcohol advertising (across multiple types of media)
- Enact and enforce restrictions on the physical availability of retailed alcohol (via reduced hours of sale)
- Reformulation policies for healthier food and beverage products (eg elimination of transfatty acids and/or reduction of saturated fats, free sugars and/or sodium)
- Front-of-pack labeling as part of comprehensive nutrition labeling policies for facilitating consumers’ understanding and choice of food for healthy diets
- Public food procurement and service policies for healthy diets (eg to reduce the intake of free sugars, sodium, unhealthy fats, and to increase the consumption of legumes, whole grains, fruits and vegetables)
- Behavior change communication and mass media campaign for healthy diets (eg to reduce the intake of energy, free sugars, sodium, unhealthy fats, and to increase the consumption of legumes, whole grains, fruits and vegetables)
- Policies to protect children from the harmful effects of food marketing on diets
- Protection, promotion and support of optimal breastfeeding practices
- Implement sustained, population wide, best practice communication campaigns to promote physical activity, with links to community-based programs and environmental improvements to enable and support behavior change
- Secondary prevention of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease by developing a register of patients who receive regular prophylactic penicillin
Chronic Respiratory Diseases
- Acute treatment of asthma exacerbations with inhaled bronchodilators and oral steroids
- Acute treatment of COPD exacerbations with inhaled bronchodilators and oral steroids
- Long-term management of COPD with inhaled bronchodilators
- Vaccination against human papillomavirus (1-2 doses) of 9–14 year old girls
- Cervical cancer: HPV DNA screening, starting at the age of 30 years with regular screening every 5 to 10 years (using a screen-and-treat approach or screen, triage and treat approach)
- Cervical cancer: early diagnosis programs linked to timely diagnostic work-up and comprehensive cancer treatment
- Breast cancer: early diagnosis programs linked with timely diagnostic work-up and comprehensive cancer treatment
- Colorectal cancer: early diagnosis programs linked with timely diagnostic work-up and comprehensive cancer treatment
- Prevention of liver cancer through hepatitis B immunization
- Childhood cancer: early diagnosis programs linked with timely diagnostic work-up and comprehensive cancer treatment, focusing on 6 index cancers of WHO Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer
- Early detection and comprehensive treatment of cancer for those living with HIV